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Snd_pcm_open Error Codes
err = snd_pcm_open (&_soundDevice, name, SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, 0); } // Check for error on open. Meanwhile, some functions (e.g. Examples: /test/latency.c. intsnd_pcm_sw_params_current (snd_pcm_t *pcm, snd_pcm_sw_params_t *params) Return current software configuration for a PCM. http://unordic.com/error-codes/smpp-dlr-error-codes.html
The underrun can happen when an application does not feed new samples in time to alsa-lib (due CPU usage). We tell it which callback simply by calling a function: snd_async_handler_t *pcm_callback; snd_async_add_pcm_handler(&pcm_callback, pcm_handle, MyCallback, NULL) The first parameter to this function is simply a pointer to a handle. These hardware buffers are ring buffers, meaning the data wraps back to the start when the end of the buffer is reached. Usually, this value is set to one (no align).
snd_pcm_sframes_tsnd_pcm_readi (snd_pcm_t *pcm, void *buffer, snd_pcm_uframes_t size) Read interleaved frames from a PCM. snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_writen ( snd_pcm_t * pcm, void ** bufs, snd_pcm_uframes_t size ) Write non interleaved frames to a PCM. snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hw_params; A variable of this type is dynamically allocated using the 'snd_pcm_hw_params_malloc' API function. When I run this example ./example3 bugs_bye.wav program executes but I can't hear anything.
Re: Listing 3 Submitted by Anonymous on Thu, 04/29/2010 - 14:42. What am I wrong??? If the non-blocking behaviour is selected, then routine doesn't wait at all. Alsa Error Codes The first requirement is to include the header file that brings in the definitions for all of the ALSA library functions.
Software related parameters These parameters - snd_pcm_sw_params_t can be modified at any time including the running state. Snd_pcm_nonblock Parameters: pcmpReturned PCM handle nameASCII identifier of the PCM handle streamWanted stream modeOpen mode (see SND_PCM_NONBLOCK, SND_PCM_ASYNC) Returns:0 on success otherwise a negative error code Examples: /test/latency.c, /test/pcm.c, and /test/pcm_min.c. PCM formats The full list of formats present the snd_pcm_format_t type. recommended you read After this call, snd_pcm_prepare() is called automatically and the stream is brought to SND_PCM_STATE_PREPARED state.
Though many reasons could cause this error, the main problem is a recent change in the software or hardware state of the computer. Alsa Playback Example Simple Sound Playback /* This example reads standard from input and writes to the default PCM device for 5 seconds of data. */ /* Use the newer ALSA API */ #define W Submitted by Pablo (not verified) on Sat, 11/27/2004 - 18:15. Click here for subscriber services.
- Audio resources (e.g.
- Conclusion I hope this article has motivated you to try some ALSA programming.
- Obtaining stream status The stream status is stored in snd_pcm_status_t structure.
- We use the period size chosen by ALSA and make this the size of our buffer for storing samples.
- Listing 2.
- We should see that the program is not useful unless the input is redirected to something other than a console.
- The position is not synced with hardware (driver) position in the sound ring buffer in this function.
- Many graphical applications use callbacks to handle events.
The function is thread-safe when built with the proper option. SND_PCM_OPEN_CAPTURE -- open the capture channel (direction). Snd_pcm_open Example Parameters: handlerReturned handler handle pcmPCM handle callbackCallback function private_dataCallback private data Returns:0 otherwise a negative error code on failure The asynchronous callback is called when period boundary elapses. Snd_pcm_hw_params_set_channels int snd_pcm_reset ( snd_pcm_t * pcm) Reset PCM position.
Timer interface: provides access to timing hardware on sound cards used for synchronizing sound events. check over here Parameters: pcmPCM handle errerror number silentdo not print error reason Returns:0 when error code was handled successfuly, otherwise a negative error code This a high-level helper function building on other functions. Skip to Navigation Click to subscribe Login Introduction to Sound Programming with ALSA From Issue #126October 2004 Sep 30, 2004 ByJeff Tranter inAudio/Video Make maximum use of all the functionality in The snd_pcm_readi and snd_pcm_writei calls used here are similar to the Linux read and write system calls. Snd_pcm_hw_params_set_rate_near
It is set up for "CD" audio, 44100Hz, 2ch. The software parameters contains the software (driver) related parameters. This handle is also a parameter to our callback, as I will show you later on. his comment is here During playback, if the application does not pass data into the buffer quickly enough, it becomes starved for data, resulting in an error called underrun.
Examples: /test/latency.c. Snd_pcm_set_params Until all data are read from the internal ring buffer using I/O routines (snd_pcm_readi(), snd_pcm_readn()), then the device stays in this state. Fatih Re: Introduction to Sound Programming with ALSA Submitted by Anonymous on Fri, 09/24/2004 - 02:00.
When necessary, this Howto will present code that is required to releases resources (devices or memory) to recover from an error and restore the system to its original state.
Access modes ALSA knows about five access modes. how to read & play a sound file Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 07/15/2010 - 04:11. Event waiting routines The poll or select functions (see 'man 2 poll' or 'man 2 select' for further details) allows to receive requests/events from the device while an application is waiting Snd_pcm_t These Aren't Roasted!
There's alot less of 'em, but in our case, we have to deal with them. The 24-bit linear samples use 32-bit physical space, but the sample is stored in the lower three bytes. snd_pcm_sframes_tsnd_pcm_writen (snd_pcm_t *pcm, void **bufs, snd_pcm_uframes_t size) Write non interleaved frames to a PCM. http://unordic.com/error-codes/soap-api-error-codes.html snd_pcm_hw_params()) aren't thread-safe, and application needs to call them carefully when they are called from multiple threads.
If you have a microphone connected to your sound card, use a mixer program to set the recording source and level. The hardware parameters cannot be changed when the stream is running (active). The function is thread-safe when built with the proper option. This article will provide you a highlight of the typical computer errors and the ways to fix it, you could find it below.
This is where our callback comes in.